** **

**Analog circuitry:** basic amplifier circuits, op-amps for gain, filters and oscillators

**Digital circuitry:** TTL logic gates, flip-flops and counters, A/D and D/A examples, optical data receiver example

**Noise reduction techniques:** digital signal averaging, lock-in detection

**Counting statistics:** scintillation counting system, statistical properties of radiation

**Data analysis and presentation:** statistical error analysis, error propagation, graphing conventions

**Organization**

Self-scheduled laboratory sessions

Informal reports on circuitry and noise (20% each)

Formal report on counting (25%)

Problem set on data (15%)

Text: Bevington and Robinson, *Data Reduction and Error Analysis*

Laboratory directions for each exercise.

Extensive topical notes on course web page.

*All information is representative only, and is likely to change from year to year.*